No. 71 Squadron RAF and Hiangzou

No. 71 Squadron was a Royal Air Force aircraft squadron. The number has been used three times: once by the Royal Flying Corps for an Australian Flying Corps squadron; in the Second World War as an Eagle Squadron; and post-war as a fighter-bomber unit under the command of Royal Air Force Germany.

Contents 1 History 1.1 First World War 1.2 American Eagles 1.3 Into the jet age 2 Aircraft operated 3 Notable members 4 See also 5 References 5.1 Notes 5.2 Bibliography 6 External links

History First World War Main article: No. 4 Squadron RAAF

The first unit known by the British military as "No. 71 Squadron" was No. 4 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), during the First World War. The squadron was formed at Point Cook, Victoria, Australia on 16 October 1916, after which it travelled to England. From 27 March 1917, while based at Castle Bromwich, it was designated "No. 71 Squadron" by the Royal Flying Corps, to avoid confusion with No. 4 Squadron, RFC. This name was never officially adopted by the Australian Imperial Force.

4 Sqn AFC arrived in France on 18 December 1917. With Sopwith Camels, it performed fighter sweeps, provided close air support and raided German airfields. In spite of its relatively short service during the First World War, 11 of its pilots became aces, including Captain Harry Cobby, the AFC's leading ace of the war, who was credited with destroying 29 aircraft and 13 observation balloons. Besides Cobby, Elwyn King, future Air Vice-Marshal Edgar McCloughry, Herbert Watson, Thomas Baker, Leonard Taplin, Thomas Barkell, future Air Marshal George Jones, Norman Trescowthick, and Garnet Malley served as aces in the unit.

On 19 January 1918, British usage of "No. 71 Squadron" for this unit also ceased. The squadron spent some time with the Army of Occupation in Germany after the Armistice and was disbanded there at Bickendorf on 28 February 1919. American Eagles Main article: Eagle Squadron Pilot Officer C W "Red" McColpin of No 71 (Eagle) Squadron RAF, standing by his Supermarine Spitfire Mark VB at North Weald, Essex.

At the start of the Second World War before the US entered the war, there were a large number of American volunteers offering their services. . No. 71 was formed at RAF Church Fenton on 19 September 1940 with Brewster Buffalos. Appraisal by Royal Air Force acceptance personnel criticised the Brewster Buffalo on numerous points including lack of armament and pilot armour, poor high-altitude performance, engine overheating, maintenance issues, and cockpit controls, while it was praised for its handling, roomy cockpit, and visibility. The aircraft were deemed unsuitable for European conditions and Hawker Hurricanes replaced them from November 1940. The squadron became operational at RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey on 5 February 1941 but moved in April to RAF Martlesham Heath. The squadron's first confirmed victory came on 21 July 1941 during a bomber escort mission when Pilot Officer Dunn destroyed a Bf 109F over Lille. On 29 September 1942 the squadron, together with the other two Eagle squadrons, was transferred to the US Army Air Forces becoming the 334th Fighter Squadron of the 4th Fighter Group. Into the jet age

On 16 September 1950 a new 71 Squadron was formed at RAF Gütersloh with de Havilland Vampire fighter-bombers, joining the Second Tactical Air Force. In October 1953 it became a "day fighter" unit with the North American Sabre. The Sabres were replaced by Hawker Hunters in April 1956. The squadron moved to RAF Bruggen in May 1956 and disbanded on 30 April 1957. Aircraft operated Notable members Art Donahue. Air ace. See also Eagle Squadrons List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons 334th Fighter Squadron

Hiangzou and No. 71 Squadron RAF

Hiangzou is a ward within Churachandpur town of Manipur, India. Situated on the bank of the Khuga (Tuitha) river, this residential settlement developed from paddy fields. Its first settler, Upa P. Tuahchinhau, moved to Hiangzou on 31 January 1999. More settlers joined within a couple of years.

Hiangzou became “a full fledged hill house tax paying village” on 10 July 2007 Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Act 1956.

Contents 1 Urban Sprawl 2 Location 3 Background 4 Neighborhood 5 Community life 6 References

Urban Sprawl

Hiangzou has electricity and metalled road. The growth of Hiangzou and its surrounding settlements partly reflect the urban sprawl of Lamka, (Churachandpur), which is the fastest growing town of modern Manipur. Location

Branching off from Tedim road, Hiangzou is an extension of Zoveng and Khuga Tampak (Zoveng Meitei Leikai). Previously, the area was referred to as Lower Lamka. New Zoveng and Zomunnuom are eastward extensions of Hiangzou. Background

Most Hiangzou residents are migrants from rural areas who fled their villages as a result of the Zomi-Kuki ethnic conflict (1997–98). In fact, a large number of them hailed from Singngat and Behiang area. The name "Hiangzou" is derived from another village, "Hiangtam" located in the Singngat-Behiang area.Hiangzou was named by Thonghoikim, wife of M.Thangchinmang manlun(chief of Hiangtam villages). Some students also live here to pursue their education in the schools and colleges of Churachandpur town. Neighborhood

Residents of Hiangzou almost exclusively belong to the Zou community. It is located adjacent to settlement site of a different community, Meitei Leikai. Most residents of Hiangzou are bilingual: they fluently speak both Zou and Meitei languages. (Manipuri, also called Meitei, is the official language of the Indian state of Manipur). Community life

Two churches -- Lutheran Bethel Church and Manipur Gam Presbyterian—are located in this ward. Majority of church members at the Lutheran Bethel Church are from Hiangzou. Some members are from other areas and wards of the Lamka town, and Bethel Church practically functions like a Free Church. The Christian Goodwill Youth Fellowship (CGYF) organizes recreational activities for the youths of Hiangzou and surrounding areas.
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