Alaa al-Tamimi and Pier Arts Centre

Dr. Alaa (Ala') Al-Tamimi (born 1952 in Fallujah) was Mayor of Baghdad in 2004 & 2005.

Al-Tamimi was chosen to be Mayor of Baghdad on April 18, 2004, by Baghdad City Council members, with the approval of the U.S. and coalition forces. With a total of forty nine participants with voting authority being City Council members and District Council members, the City Council Selection Committee initially received 93 applications for the position of mayor in response to a highly publicized advertisement campaign in local Baghdad newspapers and other media outlets. From that group of applicants, twenty-eight were deemed to have fully satisfied the advertised criteria. Ultimately, the selection committee whittled down the number of applicants to eight, and submitted their names to the full council for consideration. The exceptionally well-qualified finalists included six PhDs, and seven with engineering backgrounds .. On May 29, 2004, he took office.

Al-Tamimi was removed from office on August 8, 2005, in dramatic fashion by an armed militia controlled by the provincial government. His replacement is a member of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, which won control of Baghdad Governorate in the January 30, 2005 election. He was replaced by Hussein al-Tahhan, the governor of Baghdad Governorate. Saber al Essawi followed Hussein al-Tahhan as Mayor of Baghdad.

Contents 1 Pre-political life 2 al-Tamimi as Mayor 3 Resignation and removal from power 4 References 5 External sources

Pre-political life

Al-Tamimi is a Muslim (yet politically secular). In 1972, al-Tamimi received his BSc in civil engineering, and, in 1979, his MSc in structural engineering, from Baghdad University. His PhD in structural engineering was received from the University Of Paris in 1985. He later wrote several books on the subject of engineering.

In 1987, al-Tamimi worked as a "director general" under Saddam Hussein's nuclear weapons program (which never succeeded in actually creating a nuclear bomb due to the interruption of the first Gulf War in 1990.)

In 1995, al-Tamimi fled from Iraq with his wife and son, and would not return despite the threats made by Hussein's secret police.He had been a professor of structural engineering at Baghdad University and then was forced to work for the Iraqi nuclear agency. But he wants it understood that he helped make buildings, not bombs.

He settled in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, where he worked as a Planning Ministry advisor in 1998. The Tamimis are now settled in Southern Ontario. al-Tamimi as Mayor

After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the U.S. Coalition Provisional Authority, under Paul Bremer, sought the leadership potential of al-Tamimi as the new Mayor of Baghdad. He fulfilled the criteria for their ideal candidate: over 40, experience in engineering and urban planning, and sympathy for the "principles of democracy."

Al-Tamimi's first action, in coordination with U.S. Major General Peter W. Chiarelli, was to remove concrete barriers and blast walls that had inhibited the flow of traffic in Baghdad. Al-Tamimi has publicly stated his approval of the American removal of dictator Saddam Hussein, yet is critical of the American occupation. "I don’t want Americans in the Green Zone, or outside the Green Zone. I want them outside Baghdad in their camps."

After being elected, al-Tamimi threatened to hand in his resignation three times in protest against the under-funding of Baghdad's reconstruction. In January 2004, an Islamist Shiite provincial council was formed in Baghdad, which actively sought to replace al-Tamimi. Resignation and removal from power

On June 21, 2005, al-Tamimi submitted his resignation from his mayoral post and was pensioned .

On August 8, 2005, al-Tamimi was forced from power by up to 120 gunmen, who replaced him with the governor of Baghdad province, Hussein al-Tahhan, an Islamist Shiite, backed by Governorate Council Chairman Mazin Makkiya. Al-Tamimi was unharmed, as he was not in the office at the time. Al-Tahhan, a member of the Badr Organization militia, denies that any force was required to enact the removal, which he claims is the right of the provincial council. Al-Tamimi: "I have already decided to withdraw. I am a man of work, not a man of conflict. I do not get involved in conflicts, I do not belong to any political party."

At the same time that al-Tahhan declares his own posting as Mayor, the Council Of Ministers intends to name "official" candidates for Mayor during their next session.

Pier Arts Centre and Alaa al-Tamimi

The Pier Arts Centre is an art gallery and museum in Stromness, Orkney. It was established in 1979 to provide a home for an important collection of British fine art donated to "be held in trust for Orkney" by the author, peace activist and philanthropist Margaret Gardiner (1904 – 2005). Alongside the permanent collection the Centre curates a year round programme of changing exhibitions and events for the education and enjoyment of the general public. Admission is free. Curved Form (Trevalgan) by Hepworth

Contents 1 History 1.1 18th & 19th Century 1.2 20th Century to present 2 Architecture 3 Artists in the Collection 4 References 5 External links

History 18th & 19th Century

The buildings occupied by The Pier Arts Centre are firmly rooted in the history of Orkney. The house fronting the street was built in the 18th century, and during much of the 19th century was occupied by Edward Clouston, a prosperous merchant and Agent of the Hudson's Bay Company. On the pier behind the house Clouston erected stores and offices. On the first floor of his house, he had a finely panelled drawing room, furnished with books, family portraits and a pianoforte.

The arrival early each summer of the Hudson's Bay Company ships en route for Canada was a social highlight in Stromness. In June 1840 Mr and Mrs Clouston entertained for a week a party of ladies travelling to join their husbands in the Hudson's Bay Company. Their daughter, Anne Rose married Augustus Edward Pelly of Montreal, a relative of John Henry Pelly, governor of the Hudson's Bay Company from 1822–52, and of the Bank of England in 1841-42.

In 1872 the premises came into the possession of John Aim Shearer, whose general merchant's business was to last nearly 100 years. In the late 19th century Stromness was a flourishing centre of the herring fishing. J. A. Shearer erected a shop across the street from his house, and on the pier established a cooperage. At this time most trade with the east coast of Scotland was carried on by local trading vessels and Shearer's schooners, Maggie, Janet, Mary Ann and Minnie, three of them named after his daughters, were a familiar sight discharging their cargoes at the end of the pier. 20th Century to present

The herring boom passed and by 1918 all Shearer's schooners were gone - three of them lost at sea; the pier became a quiet backwater. It remained thus until the Second World War, when the upper part of the pier store was requisitioned by the Royal Engineers as a base for planning the many army camps and installations required in the area. Later the upper floor was used as a dwelling. Between 1965 and 1971 the property was split between three owners. The main dwelling and part of the pier building became a private lodging house and hostel. In 1977 The Pier Arts Centre Trust purchased the original dwelling and the pier store.

Margaret Gardiner had first visited Orkney in the 1950s and converted the old quayside building to house her collection of modern paintings and sculpture. Born into a well-to-do family Gardiner studied at Cambridge University before a brief spell as a teacher. She was an early activist against the fascist movement in the 1930s and in the 1960s organised an international press campaign of public figures against the Vietnam War. The author of several books including a biography of Barbara Hepworth she was also associated with some of the major figures in 20th century literature including Louis MacNeice and W. H. Auden.

Although never happy to be called a collector - "I hate being called a collector, for I never set out to collect" - Gardiner gathered together, through friendship and astute patronage, a very personal and important collection of art that closely charts the development of British Modernism. Gardiner's interest in art was deeply influenced by her long friendship with the Hepworth and through this friendship she came into contact with many of the principal figures in 20th century British art, including Hepworth's second husband, Ben Nicholson.

Throughout the 1930s and 40s Gardiner was a key supporter of the small group of artists who sought sanctuary in St Ives and she was also an early champion of the Cornish painter and seaman Alfred Wallis. Following the Second World War she encountered and encouraged a new generation of artists, including Peter Lanyon, Patrick Heron, Terry Frost, Margaret Mellis, John Wells and Roger Hilton, that had been drawn to St Ives by its growing reputation as a centre of innovation.

The Collection has grown steadily since 1979 and now contains over 180 works, grouped around the central genre of Modernism, spanning the period from 1929 to the present day. Works from the Collection are regularly requested for loan to major exhibitions both within the United Kingdom and around the world, celebrating British Modernism and its international significance. Most recently work by internationally acclaimed contemporary artists, including Sean Scully, Eva Rothschild, Martin Boyce, Camilla Løw and Olafur Eliasson, has been acquired adding new depth to the historic core of the Collection, exploring elements of light, colour and nature.

The work of Orcadian artists, including Stanley Cursiter, Margaret Tait, Sylvia Wishart, Ian Scott and Steven MacIver, provides an interlinking thread of Orkney art within the Collection and work by Ian Hamilton Finlay, Wilhelmina Barns-Graham and Bet Low (all of whom spent time working in Orkney), highlight the islands as an inspirational place for many artists.

Currently the Centre curates a year round programme of changing exhibitions, recently exhibiting Beach Boy – Jim Lambie, Brought Back – Roger Ackling and Straight Letters – Camilla Løw. Throughout the year a wide range of events and workshops are presented that support and compliment the permanent collection and exhibition programme. Informal talks, workshops, events and activities for all ages and abilities are designed to inspire and encourage wider participation. Architecture Looking out from the Arts Centre to the traditional fishing activities on the pier

The Pier Arts Centre re-emerged in July 2007 following a two year period of construction. The original listed buildings and pier, that had housed the office and stores of the Hudson's Bay Company, have been sympathetically extended by Reiach & Hall Architects who have created a new building at the harbour's edge.

With the completion of the re-development full access to the centre's facilities has been achieved and the environmental plant and equipment is in place to provide the appropriate conditions to care for the Centre's collection into the future. The aim of the re-development was to create new spaces for art, while maintaining the historical feel of the building. Space for displaying art has more than doubled, an income-generating gallery shop has been established and new office accommodation has allowed an increase in staff numbers.

The collection is already regarded as one of the finest in the UK. Key works are regularly loaned to prominent exhibitions around the world.

The quality of Reiach & Hall's scheme has been recognised through the award of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland's Doolan Award for the Best Building in Scotland 2007. Artists in the Collection
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