Adolph Hofner and Taake

Adolph Hofner (né Adolph John Hofner, Jr.; 8 June 1916 Moulton, Texas – 2 June 2000 San Antonio) was an American western swing bandleader.

Contents 1 Biography 2 Discography 3 Footnotes 4 References


Hofner was born into a family of Czech-German origin. He grew up listening to Czech and Hawaiian music. When he was ten years old his family moved to San Antonio. He and his younger brother Emil, together with Simon Garcia, formed the "Hawaiian Serenaders" performing locally. Influenced by Milton Brown and His Brownies, Hofner decided to become a singer in a Western Swing band. In the mid-1930s, he joined Jimmie Revard's (né James O. Revard; 1909–1991) Oklahoma Playboys and in October 1936, he made his first recordings with them as singer and guitarist. Hofner made his solo debut in 1938 when he was offered a contract with Bluebird Records. With support from Eli Oberstein, the recording manager of Bluebird, Hofner formed a swing band "Adolph Hofner and His Texans." They made their recording debut on April 5, 1938 and they played their first gig outside Leming on May 13, 1939. Meanwhile he recorded with "Tom Dickey's Show Boys." Hofner had his first and biggest hit in 1940 with "Maria Elena."

In 1941, Hofner signed a recording contract with Okeh. During World War II, he and his band was hired by Foreman Phillips' chain of dance halls to perform around Los Angeles under the name of "Dolph Hofner and His San Antonians." Some of his hits during this period were "Cotton-Eyed Joe," "Alamo Rag," and "Jessie Polka." Despite his relative success, he failed to have his contract renewed and he returned to Texas. Sponsored by Pearl Beer in 1950, Hofner formed the "Pearl Wranglers" performing at KTSA in San Antonio with their musical mix of swing, country, rockabilly, and polka. They recorded for the obscure Sarg label.

Among the Czech-American songs they recorded, many with the original Czech lyrics, are the "Happy Go Lucky Polka," "Prune Walz," "Barbara Polka," "Geen Meadow Polka," and "Farewell to Prague" ("Kdyz Jsme Opustili Prahu"). In order to accommodate their sponsor, Pearl Beer, the Hofners recorded the original version of "Farewell to Prague," which had been known in the old country, instead of the more recent Czech-American "Shiner Beer Polka," the same song with the word Prague (Prahu) changed to Shiner. This avoided the implied reference to the rival Spoetzl Brewery in Shiner, Spoetzl's being closely identified with the "Shiner Beer Polka." The brothers could not however resist inserting a joke in Czech at the end of the recording, when one of the Hofners asks the other to "give me a dark beer" ("Daj mne cervene pivo"), Spoetzl's Shiner Bock being the most well-known dark beer in Texas at that time, as it remains today. The other brother firmly replies, "No!" ("Ne!").

In the mid-1980s, Hofner and the Pearl Wranglers were filmed at the Farmer's Daughter dance hall for the British Channel 4 series The A to Z of C & W. Hofner's career ended in 1993 when he suffered a stroke. He died in June 2000. Discography Texas-Czech, Bohemian, & Moravian Bands - Arhoolie/Folklyric Records (1980) OCLC 30394604 South Texas Swing - Arhoolie/Folklyric Records (1980) OCLC 31863135 Country - Frémeaux Records Western Swing: Texas 1928-1944 - Frémeaux Records OCLC 37799161 Hillbilly Blues 1928-1946 - Frémeaux Records OCLC 222283540 Doughboys, Playboys, and Cowboys - Proper Records OCLC 44555137 Footnotes ^ Erlewine 1997 ^ Larkin 1998 ^ a b c Russell 2007, p. 215. ^ Carlin 2003, p. 185. ^ Russell, Pinson 2004, p. 430. ^ a b Russell 2007, p. 216. ^ Tribe 2006, p. 88. ^ Carlin 2003, p. 186.

Taake and Adolph Hofner

Taake (Norwegian pronunciation: ) is a Norwegian black metal band, formed in 1993 in Bergen by Hoest (then-known as Ulvhedin) under the name Thule. "Taake" is the old spelling of the Norwegian word "tåke", meaning "fog".

Contents 1 History 1.1 Early demos 1.2 Album trilogy (1999–2005) 1.3 Brief hiatus and regrouping (2005–present) 2 Controversy 3 Discography 4 Personnel 4.1 Current members 4.2 Past members 5 References 6 External links

History Early demos

In 1993, Ørjan Stedjeberg (then known as Ulvhedin), since known as Hoest (archaic spelling of Høst, meaning 'autumn'), formed the first version of the band Taake under the name Thule, together with Svartulv. They were both 15 years old at the time. Thule released two demos, Der vinterstormene raste in 1993 and Omfavnet av svarte vinger (Embraced by Black Wings) in 1994. Somewhere between the release of the latter demo and Manndaudsvinter in 1995, the band transformed from Thule to Taake, which was more representative of the band and the area where Hoest was from (the mountains of Bergen, Norway). Shortly after this release, a 7" EP followed in 1996 called Koldbrann i jesu marg, which would be the last demo recording that Taake would release. Album trilogy (1999–2005)

The band's first full-length album, Nattestid ser porten vid (Night Sees the Wide Gate), was released by Wounded Love Records in 1999. The album was written entirely by Hoest, but he brought in a session musician, Tundra, to perform bass guitar and drums. It was recorded throughout 1997 and 1998 at Grieg Hall. Nattestid is part one of a trilogy. All the writing on the CD and lyrics in the booklet are written in runes. All of the lyics are sung in Norwegian. The album is now considered a classic.

The second installment of the trilogy, Over bjoergvin graater himmerik (Heaven Cries over Bergen), was released in 2002 by Wounded Love Records. Another seven-song concept album, the theme for Bjoergvin is death ("Bjoergvin" is the former name of Bergen). On this record, Hoest surrounded himself with a band: C. Corax on guitar, Keridwen on bass guitar and Mutt (Gaahlskagg, Trelldom, Sigfader) on drums.

The final installment of the trilogy was released in 2005 by Dark Essence Records. Entitled Hordalands doedskvad (Hordaland's Deathchant), it adhered to the seven-song format (representing the seven mountains surrounding Bergen) of the first two records, but showed a change in style. While the first two records in the trilogy were clearly '80s metal influenced, this album was performed in a more traditional black metal style which was reminiscent of Enslaved, Bathory and early Mayhem. Doedskvad also differs from the other in that it features a number of guest musicians, including Nattefrost (Carpathian Forest, Nattefrost), Taipan (Orcustus) and Nordavind (ex-Carpathian Forest), to name a few. Brief hiatus and regrouping (2005–present)

Following this release, Taake has had some minor releases and has played a few festivals (most notably the Hole in the Sky Festival in Norway, with Ivar Bjørnson of Enslaved on guitar), but according to the official website, they were "on ice for a while".

Preceding the 2006–2007 European tour, Taake revamped their official homepage. Following the infamous show in Essen, the band were removed from several festivals and received much backlash. At the same time, Lava, who had been bass guitarist since 2002, left the band.

On 8 September 2008, Hoest announced on his homepage that he had recorded the fourth Taake album, simply titled Taake. The album was recorded for Hoest's own label Svartekunst Produksjoner, and was distributed via Dark Essence Records. Controversy Hoest at Hellfest 2009

In 2006, Hoest was imprisoned for a violent assault.

In March 2007, during a concert at Essen in Germany, Hoest appeared on stage with a swastika painted on his chest. In Germany, the use of the swastika is strictly forbidden by law (§ 86a StGB), and the remainder of Taake's German concerts were cancelled. Following the incident, Hoest stated on the Taake website:

we truly apologize to all of our collaborators who might get problems because of the Essen swastika scandal (except for the Untermensch owner of that club; you can go suck a Muslim!)

On 21 January 2008, Hoest stated on the Taake website:

I’ve clearly stated that Taake is certainly not a political nazi-band, yet some people seem to still insist that we are... I do realize that it is rather unforgivable to display a swastika in Germany, yes. On the other hand I strongly feel that Black Metal bands should allow themselves to use any kind of destructive/negative symbolism, as the basis of this expression is above all: Evil! Black Metal is still not, and should never become, harmless like all other styles of housebroke metal. Frankly, I find it preposterous that we get away with lyrics about murder, torture, rape, necrophilia and suicide, but get boycotted for wearing a symbol (which, by the way, has nothing to do with the band’s concept) on one single occasion. A part of our mission is to invoke negative feelings, so I found it quite appropriate to remind our German audience of their biggest shame

Taake was nominated for the 2012 Spellemann Prize in the Best Metal Album category, but the song "Orkan" from the album nominated, Noregs vaapen, was met with criticism because of the line "To hell with Muhammad and the Mohammedans". Hoest replied that "Taake has never been a political band, and we do not encourage either violence or racism," and that "our view, in the name of freedom of expression, is that it is shameful to adhere to Christianity or Islam". Discography Compilation albums Helnorsk svartmetall (2005) (compilation of early demos) Taake Vinyl Box (2005) (compilation containing Nattestid ser porten vid, Over bjoergvin graater himmerik and Helnorsk svartmetall) Gravkamre, Kroner og Troner (2013) (compilation with alternative versions of songs, demos and previously unreleased material) Split releases Nordens Doedsengel (2004) (split EP with Amok) A Norwegian Hail to Von (2006) (split with Norwegian Evil, Amok and Urgehal) "Lagnonector" (2006) (split single with Vidsyn) Dra Til Helvete! (2006) (split EP with Gigantomachy) Personnel Current members Hoest – vocals and studio instruments Live members V`gandr – bass guitar & backing vocals Aindiachaí – guitar Gjermund – guitar Thurzur – drums Past members Thule Svartulv – drums, vocals Taake Svartulv – drums Dim (aka O.D.Smau) – vocals C. Corax – guitars Keridwen – bass guitar Mutt – drums Lava – bass, vocals, guitars Mord – drums Skagg - guitar Guest musicians C. Corax – guitar Taipan – vocals Nattefrost – vocals Nordavind – vocals Discomforter – vocals Utflod – piano Støver – "whispers" John Boyle - war cry Ivar Bjørnson - guitar Nocturno Culto - vocals Attila Csihar - vocals Demonaz Doom Occulta - vocals Skagg - vocals Bjørnar E. Nilsen - vocals, mellotron Gjermund - guitar solos, banjo, mandolin Niklas Kvarforth - vocals
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